“Castilian” is the proper name of what most people call Spanish. A Latin American "standard" does, however, vary from the Castilian "standard" register used in television and notably the dubbing industry. It’s also kinda scary for someone with a degree in Latin American Economics and a Certificate in Latin American Studies to continue the myth: “ In the years following the original discovery by Colombus [sic]…” The land was “discovered” about 15,000 years before that and populated by millions of people before the arrival of Columbus. The letter Z is also pronounced with the “th” sound. “How Much Is It?” in Spanish: A Guide to Travel and Shopping, Top 10 Places to Visit in Guatemala City, Guatemala. The thing is: in Spain they speak several regional languages, some related to Castilian (Catala, Galego) some not (Euskera). Latin-American Spanish is spoken in Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Caribbean and Central and South America. This situation is especially common with Spanish, which is not even spoken the same way throughout Latin America, not to mention Spain! On top of that, of the roughly 469 million people who speak Spanish,  90% hail from Latin America and the U.S. You’re much more likely to find someone who speaks Latin American than Castilian. My Spanish heritage has always made me seem slightly out of place with my Latin American friends, whether it’s the lisp on my tongue when I say “gracias” or the paella and lentejas (Spanish lentils) my dad served us at home growing up. But first… What is the correct term for the different types of Spanish? This article has a few factual errors. The term Castilian Spanish is used in English for the specific varieties of Spanish spoken in north and central Spain. Latin American Spanish or Spanish For Latin America. Will it make much of a difference whatever I speak? Some even call it the Castilian lisp! (materials availability) (materials availability) I started learning Spanish, and I am wondering which one has more materials to use for learning ( specifically Movies/ Tv Shows on Netflix, and songs). Which One Should I Learn? There are other more subtle pronunciation variants as well, but the “C” and the “Z” are a dead giveaway. The only major difference comes from personal pronouns and related verb conjugations -- with vosotros (y'all) being predominantly used in Spain, and ustedes more common in … There are slight But first… What is the correct term for the different types of Spanish? The problem develops when Spanglish speakers try to express themselves to Spaniards who are not familiar with this “language”. When you say you want to speak Spanish, do you mean Latin American Spanish or Castilian Spanish that's spoken in Spain? © & ℗ 2011 - 2021 Simon & Schuster, Inc. Pimsleur® is an imprint of Simon & Schuster Audio, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. All rights reserved. Talking about learn a language or just a “””””””dialect””””””” is like talk about drive a Ferrari or a Seat. If you’re traveling to Spain and want to learn a language spoken by the majority of Spaniards, you’ll want to speak Castilian Spanish . Bolígrafo or Pluma? Check out our Castilian Spanish language software or our Latin American Spanish language program and start learning today. Below, you’ll find 8 more key areas of difference between Latin American and Peninsular Spanish. Listen to the Castilian accent. In Castilian Spanish, they would more commonly use the present perfect, incorporating the auxiliary verb “haber” . On top of that, of the roughly 469 million people who speak Spanish,  90% hail from Latin America and the U.S. You’re much more likely to find someone who speaks Latin American than Castilian Spanish. Overall, grammar throughout Spanish is fairly consistent (and mercifully much less complicated than English grammar). Colloquialisms vary not only between Spain and Latin America but also among Latin American countries. It's not a lot of information and the biggest problem is learning a different pronunciation. colonisers travelled the world to spread the word of god and take precious metals in return I’m often asked what language do we teach—Spanish from Latin America or Spanish from Spain… called Castilian. Castilian Spanish is spoken in Spain and in some of its territories and former colonies. In most of Latin America is pronounced “s”. A second difference is the use of the th sound when pronouncing the z or soft c sound. In most of Spain, the z (or the c when it comes before e or i) is pronounced much like the "th" in "thin," while in most of Latin America it has the "s" sound. I learnt Spanish from the start of secondary school and done it for GCSE's and got an A. I am not quite sure what type of Spanish we were being taught. I suggest that you use Spanish media to practice your listening and reading skills. Writing is the way I connect with the world and myself. Colombia 12. The differences between Castilian and Latin American Spanish are significant. In Castilian Spanish, you will mostly hear tú and vosotros /vosotras (second-person plural). If you’re traveling to Spain and want to learn a language spoken by the majority of Spaniards, you’ll want to speak Castilian Spanish . There are over 559 million Spanish speakers on the planet. For example: It’s time to bring the fun part of language-learning to the table: the slang! Conveniently, there were scores of unemployed, highly-trained soldiers from the Spanish Reconquista waiting for a new mission. Dominicans speak incredibly fast paced, but I managed to keep up. I thought this was all my native language had to offer, but I found the missing ingredient on my recent trip to Mexico. Latin American Spanish has many regional variations between Central and South America and the Castilian Spanish vs Mexican Spanish: Differences and How to Choose Castilian Spanish vs Mexican Spanish—how different are the two and which one should you learn to speak? Schedule classes on any day of the week – you can take them on your own, or share a class and save money! Even in England, it is more common to say “Have you eaten today?” than “Did you eat today?”, The type of Spanish you choose to learn depends on your interests and priorities. Blog Home / Language Learning / Castilian Spanish or Latin American Spanish? First a little bit of nitpicking: There is not such a thing as "Castillian dialect". In Latin America, the Spanish language is simply called español (Spanish), as the language was brought by Spanish colonisers. 5 main differences between Castilian and Latin American Spanish, The language also borrowed much of its vocabulary from Greek and Arabic. Required fields are marked *, For 24/7 customer service They don’t go very much beyond differences in slang, idioms and accent. So the word Spanish applies to any variety of Spanish language, spoken in Latin-America or in Spain. In fact, during the 700 years that the Moors inhabited the Iberian Peninsula (711-1492), the Castilian lexicon evolved to reflect their cultural influence, which is why today there are many Spanish words of Arabic origin. This is the universal and somewhat arbitrary name that is given to idiomatic and native expressions and to the specific vocabulary of the Spanish language in Latin America. Conducir or Manejar? In school, we don't use anything related to the vosotros verbs conjugation. Castilian is Spanish. The use of the third person plural pronoun is another difference between European Spanish and Latin American Spanish. Fast forward a few hundred years and huge waves of immigrants have introduced countless new words and accents to Latin America. In Spain, the present perfect tense is often used for recent events, while in Latin America the preterite is consistently used. share. Wait, you didn't know there's a difference? Latin American Spanish or Spanish For Latin America. In Spanish, it’s known as castellano and it is the Spanish used in tv and radio in Spain. Now that we’ve covered where you find these dialects in the map, let’s see some of the differences between the two. Latin America was already rich with indigenous peoples and highly advanced civilizations, like the Inca and the Aztecs, for example. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. México 2. Not only is the Spanish spoken in Latin America different from the Spanish spoken in Spain, but each region seems to have its own influences and dialects. The language also borrowed much of its vocabulary from Greek and Arabic. Your email address will not be published. A Latin American "standard" does, however, vary from the Castilian "standard" register used in television and notably the dubbing industry. All rights reserved. If you’re interested in learning European or Latin American Spanish, check out my Intrepid Spanish course which focuses on teaching Spanish through real-world practical conversations for travellers. There are over 559 million Spanish speakers on the planet. The Spanish language quickly spread to the Americas. Interestingly, it became the language of the court of the kingdoms of Castile and León in the 12th century, after which it became the official language of the state. Though the Spanish you learn in Spain is different to South American Spanish, if you learn Spanish in Spain you will be understood in any Spanish-speaking country you visit. If I learn one or the other will I still be able to understand the other kind? Of the more than 400 million people who speak Spanish (or Castilian) as their mother tongue, more than 300 million are in Latin America. In Spain the word commonly used is vosotros and in Latin America you will often hear ustedes. Spanish??? In Spain, however, it’s called castellano (Castilian), which refers the Castile province in Spain, where the language is said to have originated. Almost 400 years later in 1492, after expelling the last of the Moors from Spain, Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon (yes, the ones who funded Columbus) declared Castilian Spanish the official language of Spain. Curious language learners might find themselves faced with the question, “Should I learn Latin American Spanish or Castilian Spanish?”. Modes of Address: Use of Ustedes vs Vosotros. The differences between these Spanish dialects may seem minor, but even just a little bit of knowledge can tell you whether a person is from Madrid or Mexico City. I live in the US and was going to get Rosetta stone, but want advice on whether to get the Spain or Latin America version. No one teaches us the colloquial words or phrases when we learn a new language, making it hard to understand mostly young people when we travel or make new friends. Nicaragua 6. Castilian sounds to Latin Americans much like British English sounds to U.S. residents. Haven’t made any special plans to visit either place? The use of Castilian Spanish as a standard language was begun by King Alfonso X (ruler of Castile, León, and Galicia). Learn the differences between Spanish vs Hispanic, Latin American vs Latino, Spanish vs Latino, and more. Pimsleur offers 5 levels for Latin Spanish but only 1 for Castilian. My goal is to make of this world a better place, so I constantly get out of my comfort zone to achieve that. Haven’t made any special plans to visit either place? by Jayson McNamara of Ailola Lingua in co-operation with Ailola Madrid. In fact, all the information may seem a little overwhelming. Like these, there are many different words and meanings that you need to know in order to say what you really mean and to avoid the shame you would feel if you said something totally wrong. This is the universal and somewhat arbitrary name that is given to idiomatic and native expressions and to the specific vocabulary of the Spanish language in Latin America. Vosotros/vosotras is not used at all in Latin America. Instead, Castilian or Castellano is the way it’s spoken in Spain, the Spanish … If you want to study Spanish in Barcelona, you’ll probably have questions about Castilian Spanish Vs. Catalan language. “Lastly, the sound of the “z” in Castilian Spanish is not “th”, but “z”.”. The respective order is: 1. In Spanish there are officially five different ways in which you can address people. In fact, during the 700 years that the Moors inhabited the Iberian Peninsula (711-1492), the Castilian lexicon evolved to reflect their cultural influence, which is why today there are many, Fast forward a few hundred years and huge waves of immigrants have introduced countless new words and accents to Latin America. The construction ir + a + infinitive is preferred in Latin America, while Spanish speakers in Spain tend to use the future tense more often. These countries are divided into four areas: North, Central, South, and the Caribbean. Infographic, 5 Super Fun Brazilian Games to Play In-Person or Online. It’s the same dynamic for all the words that have a z or c before the letters e or i. When addressing a person in Latin American Spanish, “you” can be either tú (informal), usted (formal), or vos (informal), depending on the context and the country. (Potayto, potahto). The present perfect DOES exist in Latin America but it is not commonly used to describe actions that have recently happened. However, Latin American Spanish does not use this particular sound. Most native Spanish speakers in the United States also commonly use or recognize this version. Should I Learn Castilian Spanish or Latin American Spanish? He also began to use the language in official government documents and reports. They can't all speak the exact same language. *DISCLAIMER: This is just ONE way to say some of these words. That figure includes all forms of Spanish. For starters, it’s very important to know that Spanish is the official language of 18 Latin American countries (including the Caribbean), which means that more than 418 million people speak it. In Latin American countries, the Spanish language is simply called español (Spanish) as that is from where the language was brought. To add to the complication, there are times where the exact same word means two completely separate things in two different Latin American countries. Think of the English language for a moment. Which One Should I Learn? Colombian accent. Think of the English language for a moment. But not without push back… Even today in Spain, there are four other official languages: Catalan, Occitan (Aranès),  Galician and Basque (from Navarra), a language so old that linguists presume it is the last descendant of a pre-Indo European language from Western Europe, unlike its neighboring Latin languages. Latin American Spanish doesn’t use this pronoun or its verbs conjugations. Thanks! Since English speakers frequently use "Castilian" to refer to the Spanish of Spain when contrasted with that of Latin America, you may be interested to know some of the major differences between the two. Please post a list here or offer a link. Even in England, it is more common to say “Have you eaten today?” than “Did you eat today?”. In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, learn the difference between a Hispanic, Latino, and Spanish person. Will my very basic "Latin American" Spanish be understood in Spain, or do I need to study some Castilian Spanish? Fun Fact: After Mexico, the U.S. ranks among the top 5 countries of Spanish speaking populations in the world, surpassing many Latin American countries like Peru and Venezuela. It is not correct to say that the term “vos” is not used in Spain. See also: Cities to Learn Spanish In; Don Quijote Language School has schools in most places mentioned on this page. Digital products purchased from this site are sold by Simon & Schuster Digital Sales Inc. Castilian Spanish or Latin American Spanish? 4 Options Broken Down by Cost, 4 Essential Elements of an Effective Homeschool Spanish Curriculum, Which Online Spanish Program is Best for my Child? 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