Gerard warns against using it for 'witchcraft and sorceries'. Its hairy, square stems can be green or red. Verbena officinalis commonly known as common vervain, common verbena, simpler’s joy, holy herb, or mosquito plant, wild hyssop, blue vervain, Vervain, Herb of the cross, Prostrate verbena, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeon weed, Herb of Grace, Iron-weed, Wild Verbena, and Indian Hyssop is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—Vervain is tonic, emetic, expectorant, and sudorific. Gravel, Beds and borders, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Garden edging. The plant features small and slender, grass-like leaves on hairy stems that bear miniature purple flowers. From its roots to its slender little flowers, Verbena was considered to be a magic plant during antiquity. Cultivation and Uses USDA hardiness zones: 7-10. Verbena brasiliensis is a garden plant cultivated for aesthetic uses. Buy slender vervain Verbena rigida - Iridescent magenta flower heads: Delivery by Waitrose Garden Our website uses cookies. Blue Vervain is edible and medicinal. Other uses have included relief from headaches and neck pain Seeds Vervain Slender spikes of pale lilac hooded flowers. Culinary Uses. I love the fact that it is compact, it self-seeds and it seems to come back reliably from one year to the next, even though it is said to be half hardy. Latin name: Verbana officinalis. A significant number of active constituents of blue vervain have been identified, Fully hardy. Verbena rigida f. lilacina (Lilac slender vervain) will reach a height of 0.4m and a spread of 0.5m after 1-2 years.. Gravel, Beds and borders, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Garden edging. Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. It was traditionally believed to be an female aphrodisiac. In all cases of colds and obstructed menstruation it may be used as a sudorific. Medicinal uses. Description Top of page S. jamaicensis is a perennial or occasionally annual woody herb with a strong tap root and usually ascending or erect annual shoots 0.5 to 2.0 m tall ending in several slender erect spikes of flowers. It is a good attractor of pollinators, and the seeds are eaten by a variety of songbirds. The plant grows in ditches, borders of river, moist Meadows near floodplain and woodlands, river bottom prairies, soggy thickets, and pastures. Blue vervain is a slender and tall perennial flower that grow about 4 to 6 feet high. It has a long history of uses with magic and sorcery with the Celtic and Germanic people of Europe. Vervain is of two types – blue vervain and white vervain. Vervain has been mentioned extensively in myths and folk stories of different cultures. Verbena officinalis (vervain) cannot compare in ornamental value with its S American relatives but is often grown in herb gardens and makes a good foil for bolder shapes. Blue vervain is found in grassy fields and by the roadsides. Blue vervain is a flowering plant that belongs to the vervain family, Verbenaceae. At maturity, it will develop a woody base. The plant is found growing in river bottom prairies, moist meadows near floodplain woodlands, soggy thickets, borders of rivers and ponds, marshes, ditches, fence rows, and pastures. Ornamental members of the genus Verbena include common vervain (V. officinalis), purpletop vervain (V. bonariensis), slender vervain (V. rigida), and various verbena hybrids. the slender plant grows 1-3 feet tall. Relieve tension – Historically, blue vervain has been used as a way to relieve tension. As an emetic and sudorific it has proved beneficial in intermittent fever, given in warm infusion or in powder. The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. ... (with a slender basal tube and a more-or-less horizontally spreading mouth) Verbena rigida f. lilacina 'Polaris' (Slender Vervain) is a compact, low-growing perennial with attractive, three-branched candelabras of small pale lilac flowers over a long blooming season. Slender vervain 'Polaris' flowers. The small, usually blue, flowers are densely clustered in numerous slender spikes two to six inches long. Grow in moist but … Description. Botanical Name: Verbena hastata Common Name(s): Vervain, Blue Vervain, Wild Hyssop, Simpler’s Joy Plant Description: Clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit, grows 2-4’ tall (generally) on square, hairy stems which typically branch above. They are about 6” long and 1” wide with coarsely toothed edges and pointed tips. Vervain had many uses in Native American culture as food and medicine. Verbena. Buy verbena Verbena rigida - Iridescent magenta flower heads: 9cm pot: £6.99 Delivery by Crocus. Suggested uses. Blue vervain is a tall (3-4 feet), slender, elegant, perennial plant with opposing leaves, which are lobed and serrated in shape and have small purplish-blue flowers. Verbena rigida - slender vervain. Vervain is of two types – blue vervain and white vervain. May add to salads and as a garnish. Soil: Well drained, pH 6.1-7.5 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline). Vervain is of very old traditional use … Suggested uses. It blooms with purple-blue flowers in the summer. In small doses a tincture of verbena relieves gastric irritation. It can grow to 6 ft (183 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. It will help remove toxins from the body, excess fluids, fat, and salt. Vervain, verbena, herb of the cross, pigeon’s grass, wild hyssop, herb of grace, simpler’s . Other members of the Verbenaceae family include ornamentals like lantana and duranta as well as culinary herbs like Lippia graveolens , commonly known as Mexican oregano. Our articles are evidence-based and contain scientific references, fact-checked by experts. It is a slender plant that has toothed leaves. Slender vervain 'Polaris' flowers. Blue vervain is a slender and an erect perennial plant that grows about 2 to 6 feet high. Verbena Brasiliensis is a perennial, erect, branched, 50–210 cm height. PLANT DESCRIPTION: Verbena hastata is a slender upright perennial with multiple stems and short rhizomes. Vervain is indigenous to the United States growing naturally along roadsides and tall grassy fields flowering between June and September. Has the reputation as an effective love potion and can be included in dishes. Grow in moist but well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Vervain is a slender perennial plant with small, pale lilac flowers borne on leafless spikes. Verbena carolina glabra Moldenke. This plant dies to the ground in freezes. Stems are square and green or reddish with white hairs. Vervain belongs to the Verbenaceae plant family and is also called herb of the cross, herb of grace, Juno’s tears, and enchanter’s plant. Sun: Part shade. Additional Comments: Vervain was one of the sacred herbs of the Druids and was called hiera botane, or sacred plant, by the Romans. Vervain This genus of about 250 species of annuals, perennials, and subshrubs is distributed mainly in tropical and temperate parts of the Americas, with two European species. Herbaceous Perennials Flowers Perennials Planting Flowers Garden Soil Garden Seeds Garden Plants Garden Farm Magenta Flowers Vegetable Garden. Why you should grow Verbena rigida. Verbena rigida f. lilacina ‘Polaris’. Verbena bonariensis, a tall purple plant, seems to be everyone’s favourite and I love it, but I love Verbena rigida even more. The American Blue Vervain (V. hastata) is a perennial native to the northern US and Canada. It has pale flowers and leafless spikes and tastes bitter. White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. Need sun or light shade. Verbena hastata (Verbenaceae) -- This plant has several medicinal uses, and is still listed in modern herbals. [2] The oblong-shaped leaves are used as herbal medicines for various health problems since ancient time. Hairy, branching perennial with a woody rootstock, slender rough angular stems bearing long sparse 3-lobed leaves and small lilac flowers in thin spikes. 1 part Boneset. The most unusual of many traditional uses of blue vervain is among the Iroquois, who used a cold infusion of mashed leaves as a witchcraft medicine "to make obnoxious persons go away." Blue vervain (Verbena hastata), however, is known to potentially interfere with blood pressure medications. ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS . Shining from early summer through to the first frosts, the luminous blossoms rise above dense clumps of rigid, lanceolate, dark green leaves. Vervain is found in moist fields, meadows, and waste places from Nova Scotia to British Columbia and Florida, Nebraska, and Arizona. Leaf blades are lance shaped with prominent veins. It is a slender perennial, growing to three feet with stiff, thin stems and spikes of small lilac flowers. Blue vervain is a pretty wildflower of meadows, shores and marshes. It helps is in treating insomnia, headaches, pain, digestive dysfunction, depression, urinary tract infections, and many more. It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. Water after becoming established: Once or twice a month. It is a tall (3-4 feet), slender, elegant, perennial plant with opposing leaves which are lobed and serrated in shape and have small purplish-blue flowers. Vervain is a perennial herb growing 1-2 feet tall with thin, stiff, erect stems. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Can be confused with Verbena brasiliensis. Where to grow. The name Verbena was the Roman name generalized for altar plants, and for this species in particular. Verbena litoralis is a short-lived herbaceous plant, native to many of the tropical areas of Central and South America. Drought tolerant: Yes. Cultivation. The lower leaves are oblong and coarsely toothed, while the upper are slender and lance-shaped. Small lilac-colored flowers have five … Verbena rigida f. lilacina 'Polaris' (Lilac slender vervain 'Polaris') will reach a height of 0.45m and a spread of 0.6m after 1-2 years. Likely native to the Mediterranean region, vervain grows wild throughout much of Europe and North Africa, as well as in China and Japan. Texas vervain is a tall, spindly plant which has small, about 1/4" wide, light purple flowers that start forming along the stem gradually move up the lengthening stem as the plant grows. It is also reported to open up sweat glands. California Vervain (Verbena Californica) California Vervain or the Red Hills vervain is a rather rare species of verbena whose growth is mostly limited to the Tuolumne County in California. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. We use cookies to provide you with a better service on our websites. However, these reports did not make a distinction between indigenous, naturalised or invasive alien plants. Somewhat undistinguished in appearance, vervain has tiny pale lilac flowers borne on slender spikes above lance-like serrated leaves. A herb of magical powers which include chastity, a common addition to love mixtures, purification, protection, money, peace and youth. Also known as slender verbena and Texas verbena, Texas vervain blooms in late March or early April through August and then starts tapering off. Heat tolerant: It needs part shade in hot climates. The leaves are opposite with short petioles. Cultivation. 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