The Gate To Europe Program with headquarters in Dubai/UAE and offices in Croatia and Germany/EU, is specialized in the field of investment programs leading to residency permit and citizenship status in various countries in the EU. Mariacka Gate, Straganiarska Gate, Cow Gate, Pachołek Hill – an observation point in Oliwa, Department of Ancient Art – contains a number of important artworks, including, Ethnography Department – in the Abbot's Granary in Oliwa, Railways: The principal station in Gdańsk is, From 1 October 2018 selected circuits of line 31 from, Academy of Physical Education and Sport of Gdańsk (, TNOiK – Towarzystwo Naukowe Organizacji i Kierowania (Scientific Society for Organization and Management) O/Gdańsk, IBNGR – Instytut Badań nad Gospodarką Rynkową (The Gdańsk Institute for, Settlers from central Poland migrating voluntarily, 2020: Spanish health workers on the front line against, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 22:53. European exploration/trade vocabulary. [30] While overall the town was far from an important trade centre at that time, it had some relevance in the trade with Eastern Europe. [35] In 1346 they changed the Town Law of the city, which then consisted only of the Rechtstadt, to Kulm law. International trade, economic transactions that are made between countries. Więcej pytań niż odpowiedzi", http://www.kurierkolejowy.eu/aktualnosci/22716/Jeszcze-szybciej-z-Warszawy-do-Gdanska.html, "Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza: Wybory samorządowe", "Geografia wyborcza – Wybory samorządowe – Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza", "Wybory Samorządowe 2010 – Geografia wyborcza – Województwo pomorskie – – m. Gdańsk", "Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery of the Polish Academy of Sciences", "The Gdańsk Institute for Market Economics", Extensive Danzig, East & West Prussian Historical Materials, Defence of the Polish Post Office in Danzig, Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers of 1970, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, American Foundation for AIDS Research (AMFAR), Association of Academies of the Spanish Language, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Spanish Organization for the Blind (ONCE), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gdańsk&oldid=996169859, Populated places established in the 10th century, Cities and towns in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Articles with dead external links from September 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing Kashubian-language text, Articles with disputed statements from August 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: World Meteorological Organization, Bayer Shared Service Centre – finance & accounting, Cognor – steel, engineering, capital goods, Energa Trading – electrical and heat energy, Polnord Energobudowa – construction company, Transcom WorldWide – business processing outsourcing, Weyerhaeuser Cellulose Fibres – cellulose fibre manufacturing, OIE Support – education services (part of, brick gothic town gates, i.e. Record temperatures are from all Gdańsk stations. In 1815, after France's defeat in the Napoleonic Wars, it again became part of Prussia[54] and became the capital of Regierungsbezirk Danzig within the province of West Prussia. The myth revolves around Jason, a war hero who was instructed by King Pelias to acquire the legendary Golden Fleece. [36] In 1358, Danzig joined the Hanseatic League, and became an active member in 1361. The organisation in its complaint of 1453 mentioned repeated cases in which the Teutonic Knights imprisoned or murdered local patricians and mayors without a court verdict. [132] As of 1 November 1945, around 93,029 Germans remained within the city limits. Selwyn Ilan Troen, Benjamin Pinkus, Merkaz le-moreshet Ben-Guryon, ethnic cleansing and executions of Polish population, flight and expulsion of the German-speaking majority of the city's population in 1945, Polish defenders of the Polish Post Office, 2013 Men's European Volleyball Championship, 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship, 2016 European Men's Handball Championship, Instytut Maszyn Przepływowych im. On the first day of the war, approximately 1,500 ethnic Poles were arrested, some because of their participation in social and economic life, others because they were activists and members of various Polish organisations. Amateur sports are played by thousands of Gdańsk citizens and also in schools of all levels (elementary, secondary, university). They were constructed from 1989 to 1996. Among the items commonly traded are consumer goods, such as television sets and clothing; capital goods, such as machinery; and raw materials and food. European leader in Korean Cosmetics | Tradegate is the main European importer and distributor of … January and February are the coldest months with the temperature sometimes dropping as low as −15 °C (5 °F). As a stronghold of Stanisław Leszczyński's supporters during the War of the Polish Succession, it was taken by the Russians after the Siege of Danzig in 1734. The city was officially annexed by Nazi Germany and incorporated into the Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia. From Prague to Rome to Seville, and everywhere in between, these cities are stunning centers for art, fashion, food, and more. History. [66] From 1937, the employment of Poles by German companies was prohibited, and already employed Poles were fired, the use of Polish in public places was banned and Poles were not allowed to enter several restaurants, in particular those owned by Germans. The founding of a new territory that has ties to its home country or mother country. [55] The mayor of the city stepped down from his office due to the annexation,[56] and also notable city councilor Jan (Johann) Uphagen, historian and art collector, whose Baroque house is now a museum, resigned as a sign of protest against the annexation. [26] Significant German influence did not reappear until the 14th century, after the takeover of the city by the Teutonic Knights. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. [19] Based on the date in Adalbert's vita, the city celebrated its millennial anniversary in 1997. [37] Around 1377, the Old Town was equipped with city rights as well. [42] This led to the Thirteen Years' War between Poland and the State of the Teutonic Order (1454–1466). Despite being within the EU territories, Albania is not part of the European Union. Join now. Poland's rights also included free use of the harbour, a Polish post office, a Polish garrison in Westerplatte district, and customs union with Poland. The towers have a height of 114 m (374 ft) and have 26 floors. The remaining German residents of the city who had survived the war fled or were expelled to postwar Germany. [22] Traces of buildings and housing from the 10th century have been found in archaeological excavations of the city. Georgia, a nation in Europe, is also known as the “Land of the Golden Fleece.” The country gets this nickname from ancient Greek mythology of the Golden Fleece. After the Siege of Danzig (1577), lasting six months, the city's army of 5,000 mercenaries was utterly defeated in a field battle on 16 December 1577. Gdańsk dzielnicas include Chełm, Piecki-Migowo, Przymorze Wielkie, Śródmieście, Wrzeszcz Dolny, Wrzeszcz Górny. In the early-modern age, Gdańsk was a royal city of Poland. There is no archaeological evidence of a significant settlement prior to the 4th century BCE but there had been small communities in the area since Neolithictimes as attested by local rock art. An economic theory that depends on a greater amount of exports than imports to increase a country's supply of gold and silver. [78] Many Poles living in Danzig were deported to Stutthof or executed in the Piaśnica forest. The share of high-tech sectors such as electronics, telecommunications, IT engineering, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals is on the rise. In the 1980s, Gdańsk was the birthplace of the Solidarity movement, which played a major role in bringing an end to communist rule in Poland and helped precipitate the collapse of the Eastern Bloc, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact. The German attack began in Danzig, with a bombardment of Polish positions at Westerplatte by the German battleship Schleswig-Holstein, and the landing of German infantry on the peninsula. In English (where the diacritic over the "n" is frequently omitted) the usual pronunciation is /ɡəˈdænsk/ or /ɡəˈdɑːnsk/. After the Union of Lublin between Poland and Lithuania in 1569 the city continued to enjoy a large degree of internal autonomy (cf. However seasonal extremes are less pronounced than those in inland Poland. The founding of a new territory that has ties to its home country or mother country. ... British and French armies fought for power in India with the help of Indian troops known as. The legendary Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and the people of Troy. [20] It is generally thought that Mieszko I of Poland erected a stronghold on the site in the 980s, thereby connecting the Polish state ruled by the Piast dynasty with the trade routes of the Baltic Sea. -As a result of trade, Changan, with a population of about two million, became the wealthiest city in the world.-Changan was filled with temples and palaces, and its markets were filled with goods from all over Europe, Africa, and Asia. However, since Stephen's armies were unable to take the city by force, a compromise was reached: Stephen Báthory confirmed the city's special status and her Danzig law privileges granted by earlier Polish kings. Gdańsk averages 1,700 hours of sunshine per year. Gaining free and privileged access to Polish markets, the seaport prospered while simultaneously trading with the other Hanseatic cities. While under the control of the Teutonic Order German migration increased. The first written record thought to refer to Gdańsk is the vita of Saint Adalbert. Both the Polish and the German-speaking population largely opposed the Prussian annexation and wished the city to remain part of Poland. FCC. [77][dubious – discuss] Nazi secret police had been observing Polish minority communities in the city since 1936, compiling information, which in 1939 served to prepare lists of Poles to be captured in Operation Tannenberg. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. [37] It maintained relations with the trade centres Bruges, Novgorod, Lisboa and Sevilla. The name of a settlement was recorded after St. Adalbert's death in AD 997 as urbs Gyddanyzc[10] and it was later written as Kdanzk in 1148, Gdanzc in 1188, Danceke[11] in 1228, Gdańsk in 1236,[12] Danzc in 1263, Danczk in 1311,[13] Danczik in 1399,[10][14] Danczig in 1414, Gdąnsk in 1656. During the Protestant Reformation, most German-speaking inhabitants adopted Lutheranism. The city's longest serving president was Robert von Blumenthal, who held office from 1841, through the revolutions of 1848, until 1863. The European Union is one of the most outward-oriented economies in the world. Réka Kinga Papp on systemic exploitation in the European sex trade. The city's name is thought to originate from the Gdania River,[9] the original name of the Motława branch on which the city is situated. In January 2019, the Mayor of Gdańsk, Paweł Adamowicz, was assassinated by a man who had just been released from prison for violent crimes; the man claimed after stabbing the mayor in the abdomen, near the heart that the mayor's political party had been responsible for imprisoning him. As the Soviet Army advanced in 1944, German populations in Central and Eastern Europe took flight, resulting in the beginning of a great population shift. Join now. The city's 17th-century fortifications represent one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii), as designated on 16 September 1994 and tracked by the National Heritage Board of Poland. The industrial sections of the city are dominated by shipbuilding, petrochemical, and chemical industries, and food processing. The German government officially demanded the return of Danzig to Germany along with an extraterritorial (meaning under German jurisdiction) highway through the area of the Polish Corridor for land-based access from the rest of Germany. Free trade among its members was one of the EU's founding principles, and it is committed to opening up world trade as well. Early-Modern age, Gdańsk Shipyard was the gateway for trade with West Asia via the of. 24 ] in 1380, the Ottomans poured into the city by the King would grant Jason with the port. 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